At the beginning, the United States put forward the concept of intelligent manufacturing, which is usually considered to be the collective name of intelligent manufacturing technology and intelligent manufacturing system, and it is the product of the comb
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In recent years, driven by the industry situation and national policies, China's smart manufacturing industry has developed rapidly, with an output value of nearly 1.5 trillion yuan. However, because many core technologies are constrained by others, the growth of the domestic smart manufacturing industry still has a long way to go.
A few days ago, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology announced the 2018 smart manufacturing pilot demonstration projects, and a total of 99 projects were selected. According to the "Notice of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology on Carrying out the 2018 Smart Manufacturing Pilot Demonstration Project Recommendation" issued in April this year, the technology shortlisted for the 2018 Smart Manufacturing Pilot Demonstration Project should be at the leading domestic or international advanced level.
At the beginning, the United States put forward the concept of intelligent manufacturing, which is generally considered to be the collective name of intelligent manufacturing technology and intelligent manufacturing system, and it is the product of the combination of manufacturing and informatization. In short, smart manufacturing is smart products, smart production and smart services supported by smart technology and information technology.
At present, the world economy is entering a downward trend. Countries are paying more and more attention to the development of the manufacturing industry. They have accelerated the promotion of technological innovation and promoted the transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing industry. As a result, the smart manufacturing strategy has continued to heat up. At present, therefore, intelligentization and greening have become the mainstream direction of manufacturing development, and intelligent manufacturing will also become the focus of competition among countries in the world.
In 2010, the output value of China's manufacturing industry reached US$1.955 trillion, surpassing the total output value of the United States and ranking first in the world. With the upgrading and transformation of manufacturing intelligence, China's intelligent manufacturing industry has shown rapid growth. By 2017, the output value of China's smart manufacturing industry will be close to 1.5 trillion yuan, and it is expected that by 2018, the output value will exceed 1.748 billion yuan.
In order to promote the development of the intelligent manufacturing industry, China has successively issued a series of policies. In May 2015, the State Council issued the "Made in China 2025" guiding program, clearly proposing to promote the intelligent production process, organize the research and development of intelligent manufacturing equipment and intelligent production lines, and make breakthroughs in intelligent core devices such as new sensors and industrial control systems.
In December 2016, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the Ministry of Finance jointly issued the "Smart Manufacturing Development Plan (2016-2020)", which clearly pointed out that by 2020, the development foundation and supporting capabilities of smart manufacturing will be significantly enhanced, and the key areas of traditional manufacturing will basically be digitalized. Significant progress has been made in the intelligent transformation of key industries with conditions and foundations.
The person in charge of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology pointed out that the development of China's traditional manufacturing industry is faced with various constraints such as resource utilization and low return on investment. It is unlikely that the past model will be transformed and upgraded. Intelligent manufacturing has become an inevitable choice to promote the transformation and upgrading of the global manufacturing industry.
From the perspective of market and policy analysis, intelligent manufacturing will gradually show an increasingly important position in China's manufacturing industry in the future. Through intelligent and informatized transformation and upgrading of traditional manufacturing industries, the development of intelligent manufacturing has solved historical problems such as data islanding of various production equipment, lagging informatization of production processes, backward overall management and increasing labor costs.
However, there are still many shortcomings in the development of China's intelligent manufacturing. Industry experts said that in terms of intelligent manufacturing, there is still a big gap between China and the world's advanced level. At present, the key core technologies in the field of domestic intelligent manufacturing are controlled by others, and core components such as high-end CNC systems and sensors are all dependent on imports. At the same time, the domestic smart manufacturing industry ecosystem is not yet perfect, the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries is slow, leading companies and international brands need to be cultivated, and innovation capabilities and comprehensive competition need to be improved.
So, how can the development of intelligent manufacturing make further breakthroughs? Experts believe that the value of artificial intelligence technology should be fully explored and used from the perspective of the manufacturing industry to guide and promote the transformation and transformation of traditional industries. It is necessary to accelerate the development of artificial intelligence technology through continuous innovation to empower the development of intelligent manufacturing.
Of course, under the upsurge of smart manufacturing, many companies have lost their way, forgot their original intentions, and started to give up everything. In fact, smart manufacturing is only one of the means to create and enhance corporate value, but it is not the only option. Including automation technology, information technology and traditional manufacturing technology are all directions that can be selected. Intelligent manufacturing is in the same line as the technological revolutions that have occurred in the past. "Some people succeed and others fail." Enterprises should make the most suitable choice according to their own conditions.
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